S T I M U L A N T S


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What are Stimulants?


Stimulants are substances that stimulate the activity of the central nervous system. Stimulants often increase or speed up mental and physical processes in the body. There are both legal and illegal stimulants. Those stimulants that are legal include nicotine and caffeine. Stimulants like methylphenidate are prescribed to increase alertness and physical activity. Illegal stimulants include methamphetamine, cocaine and crack.

The Type of Drugs Found in Stimulants



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Amphetamine
- makes users feel more energetic and alert
It is sometimes prescribed therapeutically by physicians and their availability makes them prime candidates for misuse . They are often prescribed to counter the effects of narcolepsy, a disorder marked by episodes of uncontrollable sleep, and to help patients with learning disabilities such as ADD and ADHD. On occasion, depression is treated with amphetamines as well.





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Methamphetamin
e - used legally for weight control
(RitalinĀ®) is a medication prescribed for individuals with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Numerous studies have shown its effectiveness. When it is abused or not used as prescribed, however, methylphenidate can lead to many of the same problems seen with other stimulants.





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Cocaine -
a white powder that is made from the leaves of the South American coca plant.
It is a hydrochloride salt in which is mostly form of a white powder. Crack is a smokeable form of cocaine that is processed with ammonia or baking soda and water, and heated to remove the hydrochloride.






Short and Long Terms of Stimulants


Common Effects of Amphetamine
  • Increase the heart and respiration rates
  • Increase blood pressure
  • Dilate the pupils of the eyes
  • Decrease appetite
  • Increases the levels of dopamine in the brain
  • Mood swing and euphoria
  • Anxiety
  • Blurred vision
  • Insomnia

Common Effects of Methamphetamin e
  • Euphoria
  • Increased energy and attentiveness
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Excessive sweating
  • Loss of appetite, tremor
  • Agitation, compulsive fascination with repetitive tasks
  • Talkativeness
  • Irritability
  • Increased libido

Common Effects of Cocaine

  • Increase blood vessels, heart rate, and blood pressure
  • Restlessness, irritability, anxiety
  • Violence and paranoia
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pains
  • Lung trauma
  • Bleeding

Some Withdrawal Symptoms of Stimulants

  • Lack of interest
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Depression
  • Mental confusion

Street Slang Names


Amphetamine

speed, uppers

Metamphetamine

ice,glass,crank,crystal meth


Cocaine

coke, snow, crack

Drug's Forms and Intakes


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  • Amphetamine
a.orally
b.powder

1.snorted

c.Liquid
1.Injected

Amphetamines are generally taken orally or injected. However, the addition of "ice," the slang name for crystallized methamphetamine hydrochloride, has promoted smoking as another mode of administration. Just as "crack" is smokable cocaine, "ice" is smokeable methamphetamine.

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  • Methamphetamine
a.Powder
1.snorted
b.Liquid
1.Injected
2.Drink


This is often known within communities that use methamphetamine for sexual stimulation as a "butt rocket,
" "booty bump," "keistering,", "plugging," "shelving," or "bumming" and is anecdotally reported to increase
sexual pleasure.

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  • Cocaine
a.Powder
1. snorted
b.Solid (Cocoa leaves)
1.chewed
2. smoked
c. Liquid
1. Injected


The History of Cocaine



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It was originated in South America and it was used medically as anesthetic. This drug was popularized as a "recreational drug" and it was a cash crop in the South and USA.


Discovery of Side Effects


Prohibititions

Stimulants Impact on Society


Profits


Increase of Health Problems


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Medical Usage of Stimulants


Loss of weight

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

How the brain control impulses and regulate behavior and attention. They do this by influencing the availability of certain chemicals, called neurotransmitters,in the brain.

Deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), who have difficulty at home and school.

Stimulant medications with methylphenidate,such as Ritalin,are approved for children age six and older.

Methylphenidate is often the preferred chice for treating ADHD beacause it has fewer side effects than other medications and generallly works well to control behavior.

Dextroamphetamine or the combination
dextroamphetamine and amphetamine is usually the second choice when the person does not improve with methylphemidate.

People with ADHD who also have mood disorders such as depression.


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Using, Selling, and Possession of Stimulants


Illegal,and criminal charges arre pressed for the usage of cocaine


Prison Time:

First offense: up to 7-year jail term, up to a $50,000 fine
Second offense: up to 15-year jail term, up to a $100,000 fine
Subsequent offenses: up to 25-year jail term, up to a $250,000 fine
*Alternative sentence: up to 3-year indeterminate jail term with conditional release by correction commissioner









http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x2sbqb_stimulant-misuse-among-college-stud_blog


Video: CRACK IS WACK!! THE EDUCATIONAL VIDEO




Paula M
Seun O
Jennifer Viera



References


http://teens.drugabuse.gov/facts/facts_stim1.asp
http://www.well.com/user/woa/fsstim.htm
http://www.streetdrugs.org/crack.htm
http://www.nida.nih.gov/ResearchReports/Prescription/Prescription4.html
http://www.umsl.edu/~keelr/180/speed.html