Ashlee Doyle
Sheryl Hado

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INHALANTS




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Other names: Amyl nitrate, butyl nitrite, Nitrous oxide, laughing gas, whippets, aerosol sprays, cleaning fluids,
solvents, poppers, snappers.


Inhalants are psychoactive gases that produce euphoria when they are inhaled. There are literally hundreds of inhalants such as nail polish remover, glue, gasoline, household cleaners, and spray paint. Some inhalants are prescription
drugs with medical uses. Others are commonhousehold products. The national surveys report that more than 22.9 million Americans have abused inhalants at least once in the year prior to being surveyed. According to a NIDA-funded survey of drug use among 8th-, 10th-, and 12th- graders, students in 8th grade regularly report the highest rate of inhalant abuse.

Inhalants generally fall in three categories:

Gases:
  • Some household or commercial products,such as paint thinner, nail polish remover, degreaser, dry-cleaning fluid, gasoline, and glue.
  • Certain household aerosol propellants,such as those found in spray paint, hair spray, deordorant spray, and fabric protector spray.external image blond.gif
  • Medical anesthetic gases, such as ether, chloroform, halothane, and nitrous oxide
Nitrites:
  • Cyclohexyl nitrite (found in substances marketed as room deordorizers)
  • Amyl nitrite (used for medical purposes)
  • Butyl nitrite (previously used in perfumes and antifreeze, but now an illegal substance)

Solvents:

  • Certain household products such as paint thinner, nail polish remover, degreaser, dry-cleaning fluid, gasoline and glue
  • Some office supplies such as correction fluid (White-out), felt-tip marker fluid, and electronic contact cleaner.


Types of Abused Inhalants

Types of Abused Inhalants
Types of Abused Inhalants

Inhalant
Examples
Effects
Toluene
  • Spray paint
  • Glue
  • Dewaxer
  • Fingernail polish
  • Hearing loss
  • Damage to spinal cord or brain
  • Liver and kidney damage
Trichloroethylene
  • Cleaning fluid
  • Correction fluid
  • Hearing loss
  • Liver and kidney damage
Hexane
  • Glue
  • Gasoline
  • Limb spasms
  • Blackouts
Nitrous Oxide
  • Whipped cream dispensers
  • Gas cylinders
  • Limb spasms
  • Blackouts
Benzene
  • Gasoline
  • Bone marrow damage

These are just a few of the inhalants that are poisonous when children:
  • Sniff or inhale them directly from the cans, bottles, or other containers they are in.
  • Spray them into a bag, empty soft drink can, or other container and breathe them in. (Gases like nitrous oxide are often inhaled from balloons.)
  • Spray or pour them onto a cloth or piece of clothing and inhale deeply from the fabric.

The History of Nitrous Oxide(Laughing gas)

  • N2O, or Nitrous Oxide, also known as laughing gas, is a weak anaesthetic (painkilling) gas that was first synthesised in 1775 by Joseph Priestley.
  • It was ideal for the lesser pain of dentistry.
  • When inhaled, nitrous produces a variety of physical effects including lowered vocal pitch.


Initial Effects
The lungs rapidly absorb inhaled chemicals into the bloodstream, quickly distributing them throughout the brain and body. Within minutes of inhalation, users feel "high." The effects are similar to those produced by alcohol and may include slurred speech, lack of coordination, euphoria, and dizziness. Inhalant users may also experience lightheadedness, hallucinations, and delusions. [2] The high usually lasts only a few minutes.

Long-Term Health Effects

Every-day abuse of inhalants can result in dangerous harm to vital organs, including the brain, heart, kidneys, and liver. Using inhalants can lead to heart damage, liver failure, and muscle weakness. Inhalants can starve the body of oxygenand force the heart to beat irregularly and more rapidly---that can be dangerous for your body.
  • Chronic inhalant abusers may permanently lose the ability to perform everyday functions like walking, talking and thinking.

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Lethal Effects

Inhalants can kill you the very first time you use them.


Medical Uses: Solvents and aerosols: None. Amyl nitrite: Treatment for angina pectoris (Angina pectoris is the medical term for chest pain or discomfort due to coronary heart disease). Nitrous oxide: Dental anesthetic.

Demographics: Use tends to decrease with age. In a 2006 national survey, 9.1 percent of U.S. 8th-graders admitted using inhalants during the previous year, compared with only 4.5 percent of high school seniors.


Withdrawal symptoms: Not known

Inhalants are not illegal drugs because they can be found all around us in our everyday lives. However, now that you know more about the dangers of these drugs, we hope that you will all restrain yourselves from using inhalants.

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Video:


Works Cited:
Inhalants
Inhalant Abuse
Inhalants: Fast Facts
Angina Pectoris
http://www.accessexcellence.org/HHQ/qow/qow05/qow060424.html