Created by Massiel Marte,Marita Keane,& Tiffany Reid


HALLUCINOGENS
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What are Hallucinogens?

Hallucinogens are psychoactive drugs that change perceptions of reality and fantasy and cause users to feel random sensations. The way hallucinogens effect people vary and side effects are also influenced by the following circumstances:
  • how much you take
  • your height and weight
  • your general health
  • your mood
  • your past experience with hallucinogens
  • whether you use hallucinogens on their own or with other drug
  • whether you use alone or with others, at home or at a party, etc
The effects of hallucinogens vary greatly, more than any other drug. They are not easy to predict; the effects are different for different people at different times. Hallucinogens change the way you perceive things with your senses (hearing, smelling, touching, and seeing).
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Types of Hallucinogens Mescaline Mescaline is a naturally occurring psychedelic drug found in several cactus species, especially those in Peyote(grown in Southwestern US and Mexico) and San Pedro plants. It is said to be relatively weak, but if abused it can cause death.Common street names include: crystal, mesc, mescal buttons,cactus, etc. Several ways to ingest Mescaline include:
  • powdered and placed in pills
  • injected
  • smoked
  • or eaten as dried buttons
Mescaline contains the poisonous alkaloid, lophophrine, which causes tremors. Side effects of the mescaline drug include:
  • pupil dilation
  • dizziness
  • vomiting
  • sensations of warm and cold
  • headaches
  • nightmares
  • mental disruption
  • flight-or-fight reaction
Physically, mescaline produces amphetamine-like reactions such as increased blood pressure, pulse and respiration rate.
It does not produce any withdrawal symptoms, but one may experience occasional flashback phenomena, and depression.Also, users may become addicted to the symptoms. A hallucinogen trip is basically the experience felt while under the drugs' influence and it can last anywhere from 8-12 hours. Mescaline has no known medical use. However, like LSD, it has been used as a laboratory research tool in studies of schizophrenia, other psychotic states, and visual hallucinations.


LSDLSD is another branch under the hallucinogen category. It is the most popular and strongest of all. It was actually accidentally discovered by Alfred Hoffman who was originally searching for a headache remedy for the pharmaceutical company he worked for. (Germany, 1938) LSD occurs naturally in morning glory seed. It currently serves no medical purpose.

Pure LSD is a white crystalline powder that can be easily dissolved in water. It is odorless, making it the drug of choice for those who wish to drug unknowing victims. Consequently, people should be aware because it can be easily slipped into an unsupervised drink and be consumed unknowingly. Contaminated LSD can be as light as yellow and as dark as brown.

LSD is sold in different forms. When they are sold in tiny pills, as small as pinheads, they are in the "microdot" form. "Windowpane" is LSD in liquid form and inserted into small squares of gelatin. Liquid LSD is also sprayed on the back of postage stamps and licked off. Acid, yellow sunshine, windowpane, cid, doses, trips, and boomers are some street slang names for LSD.


PCPPCP (phencyclidine) was developed in the 1950s as an anesthetic. In 1965, it was no longer used on humans because patients became agitated, delusional, and irrational while recovering from its anesthetic effects. PCP is an illegal drug but continues to be manufactured in laboratories and sold on the street by such names as angel dust, ozone, wack, and rocket fuel. These names given to PCP reflect its effects.
PCP distorts perceptions of sight and sound and produces feelings of detachment (dissociation), thus it is called a dissociative drug.
PCP is a white crystalline powder that can dissolve in liquid.
It has a distinctive bitter chemical taste. PCP is either snorted, smoked, or ingested.
There are many health hazards to PCP, including that it is addictive. Its abuse can lead to compulsive craving.
The people who abuse PCP for a long period of time usually experience memory loss, difficulties with speech and thinking, depression, and weight loss, as well as mood disorders.

Withdrawal symptoms of PCP are:
  • violence
  • muscle rigidity
  • convulsions
  • coma
  • psychosis (loss of contact with reality).
Present Medical uses of PCP:PCP was once used as a surgical anesthetic, but because of complaints from patients it was discontinued in 1965. There is no current legitimate medical use of PCP in humans today. However it is sometimes used as a veterinary anesthetic or tranquilizer.

Additional InformationWith regards to withdrawal, users generally do not get physically addicted to hallucinogens, but psychological dependence is common. If physical symptoms do occur, they are most likely vomiting spells, dizziness, sweating, and any other reactions the body uses to warn users that they are lacking the drug in their system.
Criminal charges for using, selling, or possessing hallucinogens depends on the quantity found at hand, the intention of the person caught with it in possession, and the criminal background of the offender. New York State laws are described here.

Here we have a You Tube video on how a trip can look to a user under the influence.

Referenceshttp://www.nh-dwi.com/caip-213.htm
http://www.edu.pe.ca/rural/botany/halloge/mesc.htm
http://www.minddisorders.com/Flu-Inv/Hallucinogens-and-related-disorders.html
[[http://teendrugabuse.us/hallucinogens.html%3C/span%3E|http://teendrugabuse.us/hallucinogens.html]]
[[http://www.nida.nih.gov/Infofacts/pcp.html%3C/span%3E|http://www.nida.nih.gov/Infofacts/pcp.html]]
[[http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/people/injury/research/job185drugs/phencyclidine.htm%3C/span%3E|http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/people/injury/research/job185drugs/phencyclidine.htm__]]